Interaction Program on “Climate Change Negotiation Process and Rio+20”
An Interaction program on “Climate Change Negotiation Process and Rio+20” was organized by Nepal Youth Task Force on Rio+20 on 7 May 2012 as a weekly interaction series which was successful with the support of World Wildlife Fund Nepal (WWF), Nepal Forum of Environmental Journalists (NEFEJ), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Earth Day Network, The Small Earth Nepal (SEN) and International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD).
The program was facilitated by Ms. Kabita Gautam with a warm welcome and introduction of around 25 participants. Then the session was continued by Mr. Ngamindra Dahal, Training and Communication Specialist –Managing Climate Change and Environment Sector, Ministry of Environment, Science and Technology.
Mr. Dahal highlighted on the activities carried out within the legacy brought by Rio 1992, and what should Rio+20 do learning from Rio-20? He focused on Ecology that came out from recent year and also reflected about Beijing 2020. He then urged to rethink on the strategy that works from Rio+20 to UNFCCC. He also explained about the protection of biodiversity and desertification giving stress on CBD as well as CCD. According to him, COP is weak due to which Rio+20 came up with the strategy for Earth in Crisis to bring policy at the implementation phase but the policies didn’t work. He also gave a good example of GHG emission that was signature for reduction but not focused on what if not reduced. Influenced by the IPPC’s report, COP meeting changed the policies and came up with the Kyoto Protocol which stated that 5%of GHG to be reduced by Annex1 Countries (36) which is now approaching its deadline. Countries like America that has GHG emission about 36% didn’t agree due to economical aspect.
“In today’s world carbon trading has been a better alternative”, says Mr. Dahal. He added that the world economy depends on the industries, consumerism has been increasing due to which the unlimited use of human declined the capacity of Natural resources to serve human e.g. Fuel and energy are more consumed for the production. He further elaborates, “Everybody thought individually but not collectively. The present model of earth is not sustainable even if the ecology is sustainable. Earth has crossed the marginal level of GHG threshold due to which the different system on the earth has been destroyed. As a result, the impacts and the consequences are to be faced by LDCs, islands, youth and children.” The policy making process is carried by experienced and old people who have already got the privileges and habituated, but it’s high time to make decision at political level or else the recent global economy will halt. Rio+20 is an ideal success but still there was doubt that will all the countries be able to bring new agreements?
He gave an overview on the attitude of the people and highlighted on changing the game: Role of Youth is most essential. He also gave an example of good sustainability that the tree in the ecosystem continues the natural ecosystem with no waste in the ecology whereas human generates waste. He further clarifies that in nature, one waste of one creature is food for another and diversity has helped to maintain this balance “Resilience” in Nature. He alerted that “The crisis is already in and the only option is who to face it first, there is no planet B.”
Then there was Q/A session where the participants raised the following questions which were answered by Mr. Dahal.
Q. How can youth negotiate in carbon trading?
-Delegation must know his/her objectives and strategies and prepare for the success of the negotiation. “No agreement is better than wrong agreement.”, learning for coming negotiation.
Q. What are the resources taken by government to Rio? – The country status paper.
Q. What is government doing for adaptation? – LAPA and NAPA, Climate Resilience for 3years plan by NPC and budget separation to reduce the risk of climate change.
Similarly so many questions were popping out from the participants which were also answered by Mr. Tek Jung Mahat ICIMOD and Ms. Kabita Gautam. Due to lack of time, the participants have requested to the organizer for similar interaction series on different issues like Environmental Entrepreneurship, Solid Waste Management, Nature Conservation and many other issues regarding youth. Mr. Tek Jung Mahat also highlighted on the “Kathmandu Call for Action” and many other upcoming events.
The interaction program concluded that the role of youth is the most in the changing climate where there are learning opportunities but it is not as influential as youth are taken as activist and ignored. Youth mobilization for country representation is a must and should be given platforms to initiate grassroots level actions. Budget allocation and lack of resource person are the big challenges for the local activities due to misuse of budget and resources.
The interaction program was getting more interesting that it compelled the task force to organize another series regarding Education for Sustainable Development. With the announcement of the 3rd interactive program, the event was then wrapped up.